Bursa is located in Northwestern of Turkey as a large city just by the Marmara Sea. It is one of the most industrialized metropolitan centers and fourth most populous city of Turkey. It was the first capital of the Ottoman State between 1335 and 1363. After the conquest of Edirne in East Thrace, the Ottomans had moved the capital city there in 1363. But Bursa became spiritual and commercial capital of Ottoman Empire. For Example, Grand Mosque is a very good sample of late 14th century.
Also, it has been called as “Green Bursa” because of its parks and gardens located across its urban fabric and richly varied forests of the surrounding. It has a very famous ski resort of Mount Uludag. Main Landmarks of Bursa include numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman Period such as Grand Mosque, Green Mosque, Emir Sultan Mosque, Green Tomb, Silk Bazaars and mausoleums of the early Ottoman Sultans. Also there are several museums including a museum of Archeology.
Karagoz and Hacivat who had lived in Bursa during 14th century known as the Shadow play characters are based on historic personalities. Also Bursa is home for some famous Turkish Dishes such as Iskender Kebap (Alexander Kebap or Doner Kebap). Specially candied Turkish Delight (Lokum) is very famous. Iznik(Nicea), Mudanya and Zeytinbağı have all located in Bursa Province as the important historical sights to visit.
Bursa has been the capital of silk trade since 6th century AD. Byzantine Emperor Justinian had brought the certain monks who were producing silk for China. These monks had said that they were formerly in Serinda and there they learned perfectly the art of making silk. Actually, Indies had frequented called the region as Serinda. Moreover, to the emperor who plied them with many questions as to whether he might have the secret. The monks replied that certain worms were manufacturers of silk, nature itself forcing them to keep always at work. The worms could certainly not be brought here alive. But they could be grown easily and without difficulty. The eggs of single hatchings are innumerable. As soon as they are laid, men cover them with dung and keep them warm for as long as it is necessary. So that they produce insects. When they had announced these tidings, led on by liberal promises of the emperor to prove the fact, they returned to India. When they had brought the eggs to Byzantium, the method having been learned, as l have said, they changed them by metamorphosis into worms which feed on the leaves of mulberry. Thus began the art of making silk from that time on in the Roman Empire.
Later during the Ottoman Period, the city had been a major silk center especially during the lucrative Silk Road. It had continued to be the source of royal finest silk products. Especially by producing kaftans, pillows, embroidery and other silk products for Royal palaces and wealthy life of Ottoman Empire!. During 17th century, Ottomans had started to weave the finest silk Turkish Rugs for Ottoman Palaces, while Ottoman Empire was living the golden years. It is still major textile center of Turkey.
Also, Thermal Baths of Bursa have been used for therapeutic treatments since early Roman Period. These treatments have been by hotels, plus a physical therapy center of Uludag University also makes use of Thermal water.
How to Get There
It is very easy to reach the city. It takes only 3.5 hours driving from Istanbul where on the south eastern of Marmara Sea. Long distanced public buses have been passing through the city. Also There are frequently ferry service from Kabatas and Yenikapı piers of Istanbul which takes approximately 1.5 hours.
When to Visit
Bursa has hot dry summers and cold snowy winters. It is the local city of Turkey. Bursa comes so touristic but it is so beautiful city to get the sense of local life of Turkish people. It has high season the all year round with many visitors from all over the world.
How to Visit
Local travel agencies from Istanbul organizing the daily group tours to Bursa. Attending group tours with a local guide can be really good option to have a sense of the city. But Customized tour is the best choice to have the sense of the city. You can be like a local with an expert of the city who is really high experienced guide.
Where to visit in Bursa
This city as the Birth place of Ottoman Empire has been illustrated a creation of urban and rural system founding the Ottoman State during the early 14th century. The city has embodied the key functions of the social and financial organization of the new capital which had evolved around the civic center. All these has included commercial districts of Khans, Kulliyes (Religious Institutions), mosques, public baths, Madrasahs (Universities during to Ottoman Period), Ashevi (Kitchen for poor people where they could have free food), as well as the tomb of Osman Gazi who was the founder of Ottoman dynasty. There is a village called Cumalikızık as one component historic center is the only the rural village of that system to show the provision of 14th century. There are still standing and functional 600 years old buildings.